Turmeric, scientifically known as Curcuma longa, is a bright yellow-orange spice derived from the root of the Curcuma plant. It has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and cooking, particularly in South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisines. Turmeric contains an active compound called curcumin, responsible for its vibrant colour and potential health benefits. Besides its medicinal uses, turmeric is a staple spice in curry dishes and is also used as a natural food colouring. It’s known for its earthy flavour with a slight bitterness and a warm aroma. In traditional medicine, turmeric has been used for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.